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Survey of endod disease was conducted on newly established endod plantation at Gemadro locality Illubabor Zone, Ethiopia in the year 2000. Disease incidence was assessed on Getiba, Metti and E-44 types of endod and diseased roots and soil samples from the rhizospheres were also collected for disease identification. The results revealed that about 27.7% of type Getiba endod plants wilted and died, while type Metti and type E-44 were free from wilting. Subsequent laboratory investigations on root and soil samples evidenced the presence of a fungus, Fusarium oxysporum and parasitic nematodes namely Rotylenchulus sp, Tylenchorhynchus sp., Helicotylenchus sp., Aphelenchoides sp., and Apheienchus avenae. It was therefore concluded that Fusarium oxysporum and parasitic nematodes were the causal agents of wilting and death in type Getiba endod plants. Using resistant stalks and avoiding infected fields can reduce the damage caused to endod plants
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